It has become increasingly common for us Filipinos to pay bills, buy mobile load, and pay credit card dues via mobile apps. The proliferation of mobile wallet apps made paying online easy, even if we do not have a bank account.
In today’s article, we will discuss electronic money (e-money) as defined by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP).
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A mobile wallet app is an application that allows a user to store money on it. While it is almost no different from a savings account in the simplest sense, the mobile wallet allows you to use the money you put there to do a variety of things with that “electronic money”.
What is e-Money?
Table of Contents
- 1 What is e-Money?
- 2 Features of e-money:
- 3 What electronic money is not:
- 4 What is Electronic Money Issuer (EMI) License?
- 5 The E-Money Ecosystem:
- 6 List of E-Money Issuers in the Philippines:
Electronic money is money whose monetary value is digitally stored in an electronic account. It can be accessed remotely via a device like mobile phones or prepaid cards.
Features of e-money:
- The stored value can be transferred to other wallets or even deposit* accounts.
- It can be converted to and from physical cash via authorized agents like accredited retail stores. (Example: You can add money to your Coins.ph through 7-eleven.)
- It can be accepted as payment for goods or services by participating merchants.
What electronic money is not:
The electronic money in an e-money account (like the Pesos inside your Coins.ph) is not classified as a “deposit” because that is not a “deposit account”. Therefore, that money cannot earn interest and is not covered by deposit insurance. This is the e-wallet app’s main diference from a deposit account at a bank.
What is Electronic Money Issuer (EMI) License?
This license allows an operator of an application (like a mobile app), to convert cash in fiat to electronic peso. For example, if you cash in Php 1,000 to Coins.ph, you will see an “electronic” version of that Php 1,000 on the Coins.ph app. Furthermore, you can use that e-money to pay for bills, buy load, buy beep card load, etc within the Coins.ph app. That is possible because Coins.ph has an EMI License.
Now there are instances when an app doesn’t have an EMI license but can still do the things mentioned above. But from reports on local papers, it seems (this is just the writer’s inference) it’s only when the EMI licenses of such apps are pending. For example, the Coins.ph app allows online payments already before they received the EMI license. Grab has a functioning “Grab Wallet” before they received their license. Bottomline both apps now have the EMI license so it is possible that they offered e-money features on their app because their applications are pending.
The E-Money Ecosystem:
As of August 27, 2019, there are 30 banks and 14 non-banks with EMI licenses. The BSP’s Financial Inclusion Dashboard shows 33 million e-money accounts as of December 2018. This number can be divided into the following:
- 5 million active e-money wallet accounts
- 28 million prepaid cards linked to e-money accounts.
This number is definitely bigger than credit card adoption which, although increasing, stands at 9.4 million as of December 2018.
List of E-Money Issuers in the Philippines:
These are the companies with EMI license in the Philippines. Data as of August 27, 2019:
- Asia United Bank Corporation
- BDO Unibank Inc.
- Bank of the Philippine Islands
- China Banking Corporation
- CTBC Bank (Philippines) Corporation
- Citibank, N.A.
- East West Banking Corporation
- Equicom Savings Bank, Inc.
- Land Bank of the Philippines
- Maybank Philippines, Incorporated
- Metropolitan Bank & Trust Company
- Philippine National Bank
- Philippine Savings Bank
- Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation
- Robinsons Bank Corp
- Security Bank Corporation
- Sterling Bank of Asia, Inc (A Savings Bank)
- UnionBank of the Philippines
- United Coconut Planters Bank
- Development Bank of the Philippines
- First Consolidated Bank, Inc (A Private Development Bank)
- PNB Savings Bank
- Bank of Commerce
- Philippine Bank of Communications
- UCPB Savings Bank
- Cebuana Lhuillier Rural Bank, Inc.
- CARD Bank Inc. (A Microfinance-Oriented Rural Bank)
- Dungganon Bank (A Microfinance Rural Bank), Inc.
- Pacific Ace Savings Bank, Inc.
- Binangonan Rural Bank
EMI-NBFI (Non-Bank Financial Institutions)
- Omnipay, Inc (formerly PVB Card Corporation)
- Metrobank Card Corporation (A Finance Company)
- Alipay Philippines, Inc
- DCPay Philippines, Inc (Coins.ph)
- Gpay Network PH, Inc (GrabPay)
- G-Xchange, Inc (Gcash)
- Infoserve, Inc.
- Lulu-Phils. Int’l Exchange Inc
- Paymaya Philippines, Inc.
- SpeedyPay, Inc.
- Starpay Corporation
- True Money Philippines Inc.
- Wirecard e-Money Philippines, Inc.
- Zybi Tech, Inc. (JuanCash, JuanExchange)
This article is published on BitPinas: What is EMI? List of Electronic Money Issuers (EMIs) | Companies with EMI license in the Philippines
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